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The function of patent law is to enable a patent holder to prohibit a third party from making, using, selling, importing, or otherwise violating their rights with respect to a patented invention. Primarily, patents can be classified into three types: utility patents, design patents, and plant patents. Utility patents refer to patents that are related to domains such as...

An overview of the evolution of AI systems

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a term that was first coined by John McCarthy from Dartmouth University in 1956. AI systems facilitate machines to comprehend and achieve complex tasks or goals. Often, AIs engage in deep learning or machine learning that would help the AI system absorb enormous amounts of data. Over the years, several Governments have funded AI technologies in order to...

The United States of America has always been a global center for the world’s best corporate and industries. Emerging startups and industries are constantly looking to enter the US for their expansion. Hence, it is important to discuss the issues related to the National Phase Entry through...

India is witnessing remarkable growth in various sectors making it one of the most favorite destinations for investors. With more and more investors coming to India, the number of IPs filing and grant are bound to increase. India witnessed a long journey since 2000 when its GDP at $468.39 billion started to rise phenomenally to almost five times, adding a whopping $2.62 trillion to the economy in 2020. Since contribution towards the economy could be traced back to three...

In the 21st century, the use of technology is inevitable. From small shopkeepers to giant corporations, lawyers to doctors, everyone relies on some form of technology. However, this field of technology is extremely dynamic. It is constantly evolving. It is therefore important for lawyers and law firms to keep pace with this ever-evolving growth of tech-enabled law practice.

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Patent Law Treaty: An outline

The Patent Law Treaty is an international multilateral agreement that was concluded and brought into existence through a diplomatic conference that was held at the World Intellectual Property Organization in Geneva, Switzerland. The diplomatic conference comprised 53 states as well as the European Patent Organization and was held from May 11 to June 2, 2000. The primary aim of the...

Bolar exception: An overview

Intellectual property systems are created to incentivize and safeguard the rights of creators and inventors. More specifically, patent regimes that are in place across the world can help safeguard an invention for a limited period of time. Patents carry great relevance in the pharmaceutical industry by contributing up to 80% of the overall revenue of pharmaceutical companies....

Patent thickets: An overview

In his paper titled ‘Navigating the patent thicket: Cross licenses, patent pools, and standard setting’, Carl Shapiro defines patent thickets as “a dense web of overlapping intellectual property rights that a company must hack its way through in order to actually commercialize new technology”. Essentially, a patent thicket can be...

After the completion of 30/31 months from the date of filing the local applications, the PCT application is eligible to enter the national or regional phase. Once the applicant has entered the national phase, the national or regional patent Offices concerned begin the process of determining whether they will grant you a patent. Any examination which these Offices may undertake should be made easier by the PCT international search report...

Analyzing the intersection of science and patents

A patent plays a pivotal role in safeguarding an innovation by bestowing the inventor with exclusive rights that are enforceable for a certain period of time. Biotechnology is a dynamic domain that is brimming with innovation. Over the years, patent laws have evolved to accommodate...

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